The Internet. Network of things?
Have you heard anything about the Internet of things? I am sure that few know about this concept. I didn’t know either, until I accidentally heard about the transfer of this on Echo of Moscow radio. And I realized that the future is precisely for the Internet of things, for networking. What it is? asharkyu, Shutterstock.com Look at Wikipedia … “The Internet of Things (Internet of Things, IoT) is the concept of a computing network of physical objects (” things “) equipped with embedded technologies for interacting with each other or with the external environment, considering the organization of such networks as a phenomenon capable of restructuring economic and social processes, excluding the need for human participation from some of the actions and operations. ” Muddled, right? I will try to explain everything in my own words. Internet of people We, people, especially over the last 7−8 years, have become accustomed to the Internet. The Internet in a person’s life has definitely become more meaningful than a personal car, than a letter in an envelope, than work, than having connections in society, than a familiar doctor, than enjoying walking in nature, sometimes – than a loved one, etc., list can continue. Thanks to him, you can suddenly become incredibly popular without investing money. You can become fabulously rich, again without much financial investment. On the Internet, you can trample down a person, humiliate him, and throw him into the garbage of society. This is what the Internet means for us, for people. And all this is done on the Internet by the person himself. “The Internet of people” – this concept unites in itself everything that is written in two paragraphs above. Internet of Things But not only people have been communicating through the Internet for a long time. On the Internet, communicate and give each other commands things, inanimate objects. About this, few people know. The scale of this flow, this wave, we still can not imagine. By the way, the first person who connected the thing to the Internet was John Romki in 1990. He connected his toaster to the internet. Since then, more than 20 years have passed. The wave of the Internet of things has become avalanche. Roughly in 2008–2009, the number of things connected to the Internet exceeded the number of people using it. You still do not understand what these things are connected to the Internet and communicate with each other? Here they are: – servers and remote workstations of various companies, both large and large; – ATMs; – sensors on the stalls, which inform the work program that the product ends, and automatically send an order for its delivery; – security systems … This is a very small list of those things that, communicating with each other via the Internet, make decisions without human intervention, acting on the programmed algorithms. What to expect from the Internet of things in the future? The Internet in the life of a person, in terms of communication between things and objects, is waiting for rapid development. It is assumed that things and objects, communicating with each other on the Internet, will penetrate even more strongly into business, social issues, and the management of processes and of us, people. Once woken up, we suddenly realize that without their active participation in our lives, we cannot live for a second. This feeling will be akin to the experience of a modern person who came to work and realized that he had forgotten his mobile phone at home. After all, without a mobile connection, nowhere! The Internet of Things will be a four-layer cake. This opinion was expressed by Rob Van Krannenburg: – Level 1 is associated with the identification of each object; – Level 2 will provide services for servicing the needs of people (for example, the “smart home” system, which itself decides to turn on the heating, order food at a nearby supermarket, open / close the gate of the house, depending on what kind of car it is drove up …); – Level 3 will be the collection, processing of information, the organization of processes, the management of us, people, based on the information received (for example, the automatic organization of traffic in a big city depending on the time of day and the situation on the roads) – something like “Smart city”; – level number 4 – everything is the same, only at the level of states and the planet as a whole – “smart planet”. Thus, the Internet of things can be represented as a network of all networks, in which small networks (a network of objects, things connected to the Internet at the residential house level) are united into giant networks. And this whole network of networks itself makes decisions, depending on the algorithms developed by man. Problems in the way of the socialization of society The whole network of devices, sensors, sensors must communicate with each other in the same language, which is not yet available. The second problem is the lack of developed uniform standards with the help of which it would be possible to start launching and merging separate small networks. But I am sure that with modern technologies and computers in service, this will not take long.